Blog Posts https://smallwarsjournal.com/ en Pakistan: U.S. 'Applauded' Steps Against Terror Financing https://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/pakistan-us-applauded-steps-against-terror-financing <span>Pakistan: U.S. &#039;Applauded&#039; Steps Against Terror Financing</span> <div class="field field--name-field-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://www.voanews.com/south-central-asia/pakistan-us-applauded-steps-against-terror-financing" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Pakistan: U.S. 'Applauded' Steps Against Terror Financing</a></span></span></span></b></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Ayaz Gul – Voice of America</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN - Pakistan hosted high-level talks with the United States on Monday to review steps Islamabad has taken to choke funding sources to terrorist groups.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The two sides, officials say, also discussed ways to increase bilateral trade.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">U.S. Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary Alice Wells led her delegation in meetings with senior Pakistani officials at the ministries of interior and commerce to formally begin her four-day visit amid warming relations.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Meanwhile, the Pakistani Foreign Ministry has announced that Prime Minister Imran Khan will hold a bilateral meeting with U.S. President Donald Trump on the sidelines of the three-day World Economic Forum in Davos starting Tuesday. This would be the third interaction between the two leaders since their White House meeting in July 2019.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Wells' discussions in Islamabad come ahead of next month's meeting of the Paris-based Financial Action Task Force (FATF), which monitors global money laundering and terror financing, where Pakistan's efforts will be assessed.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The FATF meeting, hosted by China, will decide whether Islamabad remains on a so-called "gray list" of countries lacking adequate mechanisms to counter terrorism funding.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">A Pakistani statement said senior Interior Ministry officials briefed the U.S. delegation about "significant progress" the government has made on "legislative and administrative matters" to ensure compliance with an action plan FATF has outlined for Pakistan. Wells "applauded the progress," it added.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Pakistani officials have been urging the United States, a key FATF member, to help Islamabad exit the gray list.  </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">In October, the FATF asked Pakistan to address all issues identified in the action plan by February 2020. Failure to do so could lead to a downgrade to the agency’s blacklist, placing tough sanctions on the country’s banking system.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Trade Talks</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Earlier, the U.S. delegation held extensive talks with top officials at the Commerce Ministry.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">"The U.S. is eager to increase the trade potential between our two nations," noted Abdul Razak Dawood, head of the ministry, after his meeting with the U.S. delegation. "Ms. Wells is of the opinion that agriculture is one sector where immediate progress can be made."</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">He said Wells appreciated the role of several prominent U.S. companies who had worked "very successfully" in Pakistan for a long time.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">After her talks with Dawood and his delegation, Wells tweeted that both countries "share the goal of increasing bilateral trade." She praised Pakistan's economic reforms, saying, "They are making it a more attractive environment" for U.S. businesses.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The progress in traditionally turbulent U.S.-Pakistan relations stemmed mainly from Islamabad's cooperation in facilitating Washington's peace talks with Taliban insurgents aimed at bringing an end to the 18-year-old war in neighboring Afghanistan.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Last month, the Trump administration announced it would soon resume International Military Education and Training (IMET) programs for young Pakistani army officers.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The Pakistani government welcomed the move as another step underscoring the growing partnership with the U.S.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">A State Department spokesperson noted in remarks emailed to VOA prior to Wells' visit that there is much room to grow the current $6.6 billion annual bilateral trade relationship. The Trump administration sees the U.S.-Pakistan relationship as one of potential, she added.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">"We have made clear that fulfilling that potential requires progress on our joint efforts to bring stability to Afghanistan, and on Pakistan taking sustained and irreversible action against the militant groups and terrorist groups that destabilize the region from its soil," the spokesperson stressed.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The IMET was a part of U.S. security assistance for Pakistan worth some $2 billion that Trump suspended in January 2018 to press Islamabad to crack down on militant groups on its soil and help in Afghan peace-building efforts. The overall security assistance remains suspended, however.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> <span><span>SWJED</span></span> <span>Tue, 01/21/2020 - 12:09am</span> <ul class="links inline list-inline"><li class="node-readmore"><a href="/blog/pakistan-us-applauded-steps-against-terror-financing" rel="tag" title="Pakistan: U.S. &#039;Applauded&#039; Steps Against Terror Financing" hreflang="en">Read more<span class="visually-hidden"> about Pakistan: U.S. &#039;Applauded&#039; Steps Against Terror Financing</span></a></li><li class="comment-forbidden"><a href="/user/login?destination=/blog/pakistan-us-applauded-steps-against-terror-financing%23comment-form">Log in</a> or <a href="/user/register?destination=/blog/pakistan-us-applauded-steps-against-terror-financing%23comment-form">register</a> to post comments</li><li></li></ul> Tue, 21 Jan 2020 05:09:00 +0000 SWJED 131944 at https://smallwarsjournal.com Surge in Mercenaries Threatens Attempt to Stop War in Libya https://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/surge-mercenaries-threatens-attempt-stop-war-libya <span>Surge in Mercenaries Threatens Attempt to Stop War in Libya</span> <div class="field field--name-field-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/surge-in-mercenaries-threatens-attempt-to-stop-war-in-libya-11579539537" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Surge in Mercenaries Threatens Attempt to Stop War in Libya</a> by Jared Malsin and Raja Abdulrahim - <i>Wall Street Journal</i></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">As world powers <a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/world-powers-aim-to-stop-the-shooting-in-libya-11579343403?mod=article_inline&amp;mod=article_inline" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">back a cease-fire in Libya</a> to end months of fighting, a recent injection of mercenaries by rival foreign backers threatens to unravel efforts to establish a long-term truce in the oil-rich North African country.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">At a summit in Berlin on Sunday, Russia, Turkey, France, Italy, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates agreed to support a cease-fire and uphold a previously existing arms embargo in an attempt to <a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/prospects-for-libyan-resolution-fade-as-world-powers-meet-11579448944?mod=article_inline" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">quell the fighting</a>. The eruption of a full-blown civil war last year in a country less than 200 miles from the closest European shores has alarmed Western powers.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Underscoring the challenges to any durable peace, leaders of the two main forces—a United Nations-backed government in the capital of Tripoli and militias loyal to a former commander in the Libyan army who is based in the country’s east—didn’t meet or talk directly at the gathering, though their representatives contributed to the discussions…</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/surge-in-mercenaries-threatens-attempt-to-stop-war-in-libya-11579539537" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Read on</a>.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> <span><span>SWJED</span></span> <span>Mon, 01/20/2020 - 2:29pm</span> <ul class="links inline list-inline"><li class="node-readmore"><a href="/blog/surge-mercenaries-threatens-attempt-stop-war-libya" rel="tag" title="Surge in Mercenaries Threatens Attempt to Stop War in Libya" hreflang="en">Read more<span class="visually-hidden"> about Surge in Mercenaries Threatens Attempt to Stop War in Libya</span></a></li><li class="comment-forbidden"><a href="/user/login?destination=/blog/surge-mercenaries-threatens-attempt-stop-war-libya%23comment-form">Log in</a> or <a href="/user/register?destination=/blog/surge-mercenaries-threatens-attempt-stop-war-libya%23comment-form">register</a> to post comments</li><li></li></ul> Mon, 20 Jan 2020 19:29:54 +0000 SWJED 131904 at https://smallwarsjournal.com U.S. Looks to Maintain Pressure on Iran as Tensions Cool https://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/us-looks-maintain-pressure-iran-tensions-cool <span>U.S. Looks to Maintain Pressure on Iran as Tensions Cool</span> <div class="field field--name-field-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-looks-to-maintain-pressure-on-iran-as-tensions-cool-11579516201" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">U.S. Looks to Maintain Pressure on Iran as Tensions Cool</a> by Dion Nissenbaum, Benoit Faucon and Felicia Schwartz - <i>Wall Street Journal</i></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">With open hostilities between Iran and the U.S. <a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/irans-supreme-leader-issues-more-threats-at-u-s-after-missile-attack-11578480435?mod=article_inline" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">subsiding for now</a>, the Trump administration is seeking to keep pressure on Iran without pushing the region into a volatile new confrontation, U.S. and regional officials said.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">U.S. officials said they are increasingly confident Iran and its Mideast allies are looking to avoid a head-on fight with America, even as Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, <a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/supreme-leader-rallies-iranians-against-the-west-praises-attacks-on-u-s-11579265476?mod=article_inline" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">delivered a firebrand message</a> during prayers on Friday in Tehran.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Key members of President Trump’s national-security team view Tehran as weakened by the confrontation and struggling to regain its footing domestically after its military mistakenly shot down a commercial airliner in Iran, triggering days of protests across the country following its admission of <a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/ukraine-airliner-hit-by-a-second-missile-over-iran-video-shows-11579048331?mod=article_inline" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">the missile strike</a> that killed 176 people…</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-looks-to-maintain-pressure-on-iran-as-tensions-cool-11579516201" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Read on</a>.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> <span><span>SWJED</span></span> <span>Mon, 01/20/2020 - 1:48pm</span> <ul class="links inline list-inline"><li class="node-readmore"><a href="/blog/us-looks-maintain-pressure-iran-tensions-cool" rel="tag" title="U.S. Looks to Maintain Pressure on Iran as Tensions Cool" hreflang="en">Read more<span class="visually-hidden"> about U.S. Looks to Maintain Pressure on Iran as Tensions Cool</span></a></li><li class="comment-forbidden"><a href="/user/login?destination=/blog/us-looks-maintain-pressure-iran-tensions-cool%23comment-form">Log in</a> or <a href="/user/register?destination=/blog/us-looks-maintain-pressure-iran-tensions-cool%23comment-form">register</a> to post comments</li><li></li></ul> Mon, 20 Jan 2020 18:48:54 +0000 SWJED 131898 at https://smallwarsjournal.com US and Latin American Partners To Discuss Hezbollah Presence In Venezuela https://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/us-and-latin-american-partners-discuss-hezbollah-presence-venezuela <span>US and Latin American Partners To Discuss Hezbollah Presence In Venezuela </span> <div class="field field--name-field-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://news.yahoo.com/u-latin-american-partners-discuss-110000190.html" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">US and Latin American Partners To Discuss Hezbollah Presence In Venezuela</a> by Nora Gámez Torres - <i>Miami Herald</i></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The United States is concerned about the presence of Hezbollah, the terrorist group supported by Iran, in Venezuela, an issue that will be raised by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in a meeting on counterterrorism efforts that will gather several ministers from the region in Bogota on Monday.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">“We’re concerned that Maduro has extended safe harbor to a number of terrorist groups, the ELN [National Liberation Army] in particular, but also FARC [The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia] dissidents who rejected the peace accord, as well as supporters and sympathizers of Hezbollah,” Ambassador Nathan Sales, Coordinator for Counterterrorism at the State Department, told el Nuevo Herald and the Miami Herald.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The last ministerial meeting was held in June last year in Buenos Aires, where Hezbollah bombed the headquarters of the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina in 1994, leaving 85 dead…</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://news.yahoo.com/u-latin-american-partners-discuss-110000190.html" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Read on</a>.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> <span><span>SWJED</span></span> <span>Mon, 01/20/2020 - 11:58am</span> <ul class="links inline list-inline"><li class="node-readmore"><a href="/blog/us-and-latin-american-partners-discuss-hezbollah-presence-venezuela" rel="tag" title="US and Latin American Partners To Discuss Hezbollah Presence In Venezuela " hreflang="en">Read more<span class="visually-hidden"> about US and Latin American Partners To Discuss Hezbollah Presence In Venezuela </span></a></li><li class="comment-forbidden"><a href="/user/login?destination=/blog/us-and-latin-american-partners-discuss-hezbollah-presence-venezuela%23comment-form">Log in</a> or <a href="/user/register?destination=/blog/us-and-latin-american-partners-discuss-hezbollah-presence-venezuela%23comment-form">register</a> to post comments</li><li></li></ul> Mon, 20 Jan 2020 16:58:48 +0000 SWJED 131878 at https://smallwarsjournal.com Update: Death Toll From Major Yemeni Rebel Attack Climbs To 111 https://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/update-death-toll-major-yemeni-rebel-attack-climbs-111 <span>Update: Death Toll From Major Yemeni Rebel Attack Climbs To 111</span> <div class="field field--name-field-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="AP" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Update: Death Toll From Major Yemeni Rebel Attack Climbs To 111</a> – Associated Press</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The death toll from a missile attack by Yemen’s Houthi rebels on a government military camp climbed to at least 111 troops, a military spokesman said Monday, making it one of the deadliest rebel assaults since the beginning of the country's bloody civil war.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Ballistic missiles smashed into a mosque in the training camp in the central province of Marib over the weekend, wounding at least 68 other troops, said Abdu Abdullah Magli, spokesman for the Yemeni Armed Forces.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The oil-rich province of Marib is about 115 kilometers (70 miles) east of the Houthi-controlled capital, Sanaa. The attack came amid a barrage of assaults by Saudi-backed government forces on rebel targets east of the capital…</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="AP" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Read on</a>.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> <span><span>SWJED</span></span> <span>Mon, 01/20/2020 - 11:27am</span> <ul class="links inline list-inline"><li class="node-readmore"><a href="/blog/update-death-toll-major-yemeni-rebel-attack-climbs-111" rel="tag" title="Update: Death Toll From Major Yemeni Rebel Attack Climbs To 111" hreflang="en">Read more<span class="visually-hidden"> about Update: Death Toll From Major Yemeni Rebel Attack Climbs To 111</span></a></li><li class="comment-forbidden"><a href="/user/login?destination=/blog/update-death-toll-major-yemeni-rebel-attack-climbs-111%23comment-form">Log in</a> or <a href="/user/register?destination=/blog/update-death-toll-major-yemeni-rebel-attack-climbs-111%23comment-form">register</a> to post comments</li><li></li></ul> Mon, 20 Jan 2020 16:27:18 +0000 SWJED 131870 at https://smallwarsjournal.com How AFRICOM Plans to Counter Russian, Chinese Influence in Africa https://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/how-africom-plans-counter-russian-chinese-influence-africa <span>How AFRICOM Plans to Counter Russian, Chinese Influence in Africa</span> <div class="field field--name-field-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://www.militarytimes.com/news/your-military/2020/01/20/how-africom-plans-to-counter-russian-chinese-influence-in-africa/" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">How AFRICOM Plans to Counter Russian, Chinese Influence in Africa</a> by Diana Stancy Correll - <i>Military Times</i></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">U.S. Africa Command officials have long cautioned that Russia and China are trying to expand their control in Africa. But <a href="https://www.militarytimes.com/news/your-military/2020/01/16/shabab-militants-from-somalia-may-have-received-help-from-kenyans-for-manda-bay-attack/" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline" target="_blank">the command</a> believes the U.S. can foil that influence by developing strong relationships with African states and becoming their “partner of choice.”</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">“I think the most important part of our approach is, it’s about relationships, it’s not about access to a resource or to a mineral, or to sales of U.S. equipment,” AFRICOM director of operations U.S. Army Maj. Gen. William Gayler told reporters Jan. 16. “I think the relationships we build will have a far-lasting impact.”</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">U.S. troops in Africa are there primarily to help overthrow the Islamic State and al-Qaida-linked groups like al-Shabab, as are troops from allied nations like France. But Russia and China are largely absent from the effort to eliminate terrorism in the region, according to <a href="https://www.militarytimes.com/news/your-military/2020/01/09/africom-officials-head-to-manda-bay-following-jihadi-attack-that-killed-us-service-member/" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline" target="_blank">AFRICOM</a>.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">“It is important to remember that outside of selling arms for their own economic benefit, China and Russia are not doing much to help counter extremist groups to rob Africans of their future,” U.S. Army Brig. Gen. Gregory Hadfield, <a href="https://www.militarytimes.com/flashpoints/2020/01/10/al-shabab-warns-us-partner-forces-in-africa-that-america-will-abandon-them-like-it-did-syrian-kurds/" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline" target="_blank">AFRICOM </a>deputy director of intelligence, told reporters…</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://www.militarytimes.com/news/your-military/2020/01/20/how-africom-plans-to-counter-russian-chinese-influence-in-africa/" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Read on</a>.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> <span><span>SWJED</span></span> <span>Mon, 01/20/2020 - 9:06am</span> <ul class="links inline list-inline"><li class="node-readmore"><a href="/blog/how-africom-plans-counter-russian-chinese-influence-africa" rel="tag" title="How AFRICOM Plans to Counter Russian, Chinese Influence in Africa" hreflang="en">Read more<span class="visually-hidden"> about How AFRICOM Plans to Counter Russian, Chinese Influence in Africa</span></a></li><li class="comment-forbidden"><a href="/user/login?destination=/blog/how-africom-plans-counter-russian-chinese-influence-africa%23comment-form">Log in</a> or <a href="/user/register?destination=/blog/how-africom-plans-counter-russian-chinese-influence-africa%23comment-form">register</a> to post comments</li><li></li></ul> Mon, 20 Jan 2020 14:06:45 +0000 SWJED 131859 at https://smallwarsjournal.com Despite Cease-Fire, Clashes Continue in Syria's Idlib https://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/despite-cease-fire-clashes-continue-syrias-idlib <span>Despite Cease-Fire, Clashes Continue in Syria&#039;s Idlib</span> <div class="field field--name-field-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://www.voanews.com/extremism-watch/despite-cease-fire-clashes-continue-syrias-idlib" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Despite Cease-Fire, Clashes Continue in Syria's Idlib</a></span></span></span></b></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Sirwan Kajjo – Voice of America</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Fierce clashes continued Sunday between Syrian government forces and rebel fighters in the northwestern province of Idlib, despite a cease-fire brokered last week by Russia and Turkey.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The recent surge in violence began after Syrian and Russian warplanes resumed their airstrike campaign in Idlib, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported.<br /> The war monitoring group said severe clashes took place Sunday in the southeastern part of Idlib, where rebel fighters and jihadist factions have been trying to regain control of several towns and villages recently recaptured by Syrian government forces and their allies.  </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Local news reports said at least 28 Syrian government troops and 19 rebel fighters, including 15 jihadists, were killed in Sunday’s clashes.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Idlib, the last main rebel stronghold in Syria, is home to nearly 3 million people. The Syrian province is largely controlled by the Islamist militant group Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), a former al-Qaida affiliate in Syria.  </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Failed Truce</span></span></span></b></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">On Jan. 12, Turkey announced a new cease-fire in Idlib after an agreement with Russia. Ankara and Moscow support opposing sides of the Syrian conflict.<br /> Turkish Foreign Ministry said in a statement that Turkey and Russia had agreed on a cease-fire and a halt of ground and air operations in the so-called de-escalation zone in Idlib.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The de-escalation zone was announced in September 2018, after Moscow and Ankara reached an agreement that postponed a planned Syrian government offensive on Idlib and other areas near the Turkish border.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">As part of that agreement, Turkey was required to remove all extremist groups from the province, some of which are tied to the al-Qaida terrorist group. But Turkey allegedly has failed to implement its part of the deal.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">In April 2019, the Syrian military and its allied militias launched a major offensive to recapture Idlib from rebel forces.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The U.N. says that since then it has documented more than 1,500 civilian deaths, nearly half of them are women and children. Local rights groups, however, say the death toll is much higher.  </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Jihadi Coalition</span></span></span></b></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">HTS and several other jihadist groups have joined forces in a coalition to battle Syrian government troops, HTS said in a statement released Friday.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Rami Abdulrahman, director of the Syrian Observatory, says the jihadi coalition in Idlib aims to make a last stand against the Syrian government troops and their Russian allies.<br /> "This alliance will continue and will not end anytime soon now that Turkey has told them to confront the regime forces," Abdulrahman told VOA.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">In an interview with CNN Turk Thursday, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said that Syrian “opposition must protect itself from [Syrian] regime attacks,” adding that there have been violations of the Idlib cease-fire that Turkey and Russia agreed on.<br /> In addition to HTS, the so-called coalition includes the Turkish-backed National Liberation Front and several al-Qaida-linked groups such as Ansar al-Tawhid.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">"Despite their ideological differences, these groups have always maintained a level of cooperation throughout Syria’s war,” said Sadradeen Kinno, a Syrian researcher who closely follows Islamic militancy in the war-torn country."</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">"This time around, however, their alliance is more important than ever before because the ongoing battle in Idlib is a matter of life and death for all these extremist and jihadist groups,” he told VOA.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Displaced People</span></span></span></b></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">According to the U.N, about 350,000 civilians, mostly women and children, have fled the Russian-backed Syrian military offensive that began in Idlib in early December.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Amina Ose, a senior official at the Kurdish-led administration in northeast Syria, said at least 300 families from Idlib have sought shelter in areas under the control of U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">"We are building a camp near the town of Manbij to host these families. We expect to receive more displaced people from Idlib as the fighting intensifies there,” she told VOA.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Other displaced people reportedly have fled to safer areas under rebel control along the Syria-Turkey border.<br />  <br /><b>US Stance</b></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">U.S. officials have repeatedly called on the Syrian government and its Russian and Iranian allies to stop their attacks against civilians in Idlib.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">"Russia, Syria and Iran are killing, or on their way to killing, thousands of innocent civilians in Idlib Province…,” President Donald Trump said in tweet last month.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The United States, which has led a coalition to combat the Islamic State (IS) terror group in eastern Syria, does not have any military presence in northwestern Syria, including Idlib, but U.S. forces have occasionally carried out airstrikes targeting al-Qaida and other militant leaders in Idlib.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">In October 2019, the U.S. conducted an operation in Idlib that killed IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, who had been hiding in the northwestern Syrian province since March of the same year after the military defeat of his group in eastern Syria.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> <span><span>SWJED</span></span> <span>Mon, 01/20/2020 - 12:52am</span> <ul class="links inline list-inline"><li class="node-readmore"><a href="/blog/despite-cease-fire-clashes-continue-syrias-idlib" rel="tag" title="Despite Cease-Fire, Clashes Continue in Syria&#039;s Idlib" hreflang="en">Read more<span class="visually-hidden"> about Despite Cease-Fire, Clashes Continue in Syria&#039;s Idlib</span></a></li><li class="comment-forbidden"><a href="/user/login?destination=/blog/despite-cease-fire-clashes-continue-syrias-idlib%23comment-form">Log in</a> or <a href="/user/register?destination=/blog/despite-cease-fire-clashes-continue-syrias-idlib%23comment-form">register</a> to post comments</li><li></li></ul> Mon, 20 Jan 2020 05:52:52 +0000 SWJED 131836 at https://smallwarsjournal.com World Leaders Agree to Back Away From Interfering in Libya https://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/world-leaders-agree-back-away-interfering-libya <span>World Leaders Agree to Back Away From Interfering in Libya</span> <div class="field field--name-field-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black"><a href="https://www.voanews.com/europe/world-leaders-agree-back-away-interfering-libya" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline"><span style="color:black">World Leaders Agree to Back Away From Interfering in Libya</span></a></span></span></span></span></b></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">Voice of America</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <img alt="1" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="0344e03e-29d7-4b3c-b0fc-5838e5e64354" src="/sites/default/files/inline-images/livpconf_0.jpg" class="align-center" /><p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">World leaders agreed Sunday to respect an arms embargo and back off from interfering in Libya, where forces from two rival governments are fighting for power.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">Twelve world leaders along with top representatives from the EU, U.N., African Union, and Arab League, held a one-day summit in Berlin.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">"We were able to see that everyone is in agreement that the weapons embargo needs to be respected and the weapons embargo needs to be more strictly controlled that has happened in the past," German Chancellor Angela Merkel, the summit host, said at the conclusion. "It has, I think, become evident in the last days that there is no chance for a military solution, which could only increase the suffering of the people."</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">Participants agreed that the week-old truce in Libya needs to become a more durable cease-fire. U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said all sides need to put pressure on the warring parties in Libya. With different countries backing different sides in Libya, there has been growing concern that Libya will become another Syria.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">"Until now, we had the escalation of the Libyan conflict with some foreign interference," Guterres said. "That escalation ... was becoming extremely dangerous."</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">While participants agreed Sunday not to boost their military support for the rivals, it is unclear if and when they will withdraw their current support. Merkel said "that is a question for the real cease-fire."</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">Secretary of State Mike Pompeo represented the United States at the Berlin talks.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">"Now is the time for Libyans to decide on a future for themselves -- one free from violence fueled by external actors. We urge all parties to seize this opportunity through U.N. facilitated mediation," Pompeo tweeted.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">Two rival governments in Libya are battling for power -- one in the east headed by former Gen. Khalifa Haftar and a U.N.-backed administration in Tripoli led by Prime Minster Fayez al-Sarraj. Both were in Berlin Sunday, but were not at the conference table.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">Haftar’s  forces captured the key Mediterranean coast city of Sirte two weeks ago. But the fight for the capital, Tripoli, has generally been stalled since April with hundreds of thousands of civilians caught in the middle.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">Meanwhile, Libya's National Oil Corp. reported Sunday two major oil fields were going offline after Haftar's forces shut down a pipeline -- two days after Haftar's forces blockaded two Eastern ports from which oil is exported.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">Libya’s economy is depended on oil and Guterres says he is "very worried."</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:black">Libya has been in political and social turmoil since 2011 when longtime dictator Moammar Gadhafi was toppled and killed. Numerous armed factions have been jockeying for power since then with the U.N. unsuccessfully trying to put together a stable central government.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> <span><span>SWJED</span></span> <span>Mon, 01/20/2020 - 12:49am</span> <ul class="links inline list-inline"><li class="node-readmore"><a href="/blog/world-leaders-agree-back-away-interfering-libya" rel="tag" title="World Leaders Agree to Back Away From Interfering in Libya" hreflang="en">Read more<span class="visually-hidden"> about World Leaders Agree to Back Away From Interfering in Libya</span></a></li><li class="comment-forbidden"><a href="/user/login?destination=/blog/world-leaders-agree-back-away-interfering-libya%23comment-form">Log in</a> or <a href="/user/register?destination=/blog/world-leaders-agree-back-away-interfering-libya%23comment-form">register</a> to post comments</li><li></li></ul> Mon, 20 Jan 2020 05:49:10 +0000 SWJED 131835 at https://smallwarsjournal.com Yemen War: At Least 80 Soldiers Killed in Missile Attack https://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/yemen-war-least-80-soldiers-killed-missile-attack <span>Yemen War: At Least 80 Soldiers Killed in Missile Attack</span> <div class="field field--name-field-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51166943" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Yemen War: At Least 80 Soldiers Killed in Missile Attack</a> – BBC News</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><i><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">A missile attack on a military training camp in Yemen has killed at least 80 soldiers.</span></span></span></i></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Dozens of others were wounded in the strike in the central province of Marib on Saturday, officials say.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">The camp, about 170km (105 miles) east of the capital, Sanaa, targeted a mosque as people gathered for prayer, military sources told Reuters.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Yemen's government has blamed Houthi rebels for the attack, but there has been no claim of responsibility.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Officials said they expected the death toll to rise…</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-51166943" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Read on</a>.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> <span><span>SWJED</span></span> <span>Sun, 01/19/2020 - 4:54pm</span> <ul class="links inline list-inline"><li class="node-readmore"><a href="/blog/yemen-war-least-80-soldiers-killed-missile-attack" rel="tag" title="Yemen War: At Least 80 Soldiers Killed in Missile Attack" hreflang="en">Read more<span class="visually-hidden"> about Yemen War: At Least 80 Soldiers Killed in Missile Attack</span></a></li><li class="comment-forbidden"><a href="/user/login?destination=/blog/yemen-war-least-80-soldiers-killed-missile-attack%23comment-form">Log in</a> or <a href="/user/register?destination=/blog/yemen-war-least-80-soldiers-killed-missile-attack%23comment-form">register</a> to post comments</li><li></li></ul> Sun, 19 Jan 2020 21:54:16 +0000 SWJED 131812 at https://smallwarsjournal.com Marking 60th Anniversary of Defense Treaty, Abe Vows to Boost Japan’s Role in U.S. Alliance https://smallwarsjournal.com/blog/marking-60th-anniversary-defense-treaty-abe-vows-boost-japans-role-us-alliance <span>Marking 60th Anniversary of Defense Treaty, Abe Vows to Boost Japan’s Role in U.S. Alliance</span> <div class="field field--name-field-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://www.militarytimes.com/news/your-military/2020/01/19/marking-60th-anniversary-of-defense-treaty-abe-vows-to-boost-japans-role-in-us-alliance/" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Marking 60th Anniversary of Defense Treaty, Abe Vows to Boost Japan’s Role in U.S. Alliance</a> by Mari Yamaguchi – Associated Press</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">TOKYO — Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe pledged Sunday to bolster his country’s role under its security pact with the U.S. in “outer space and cyberspace,” as the allies marked the 60th anniversary of a treaty that has been the basis for their postwar defense alliance.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">Abe's grandfather, Nobusuke Kishi, who was prime minister at the time, signed the treaty in Washington on Jan. 19, 1960, with President Dwight Eisenhower. The treaty allows for the stationing of tens of thousands of U.S. troops and the deployment of American warships in Japan. In exchange, the U.S. is obligated to protect Japan in case of enemy attack.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif">"We have elevated the relationship to one in which each of us, the U.S. and Japan, protects the other, thereby giving further force to the alliance," Abe said in his opening remarks. "Going forward, it is incumbent upon us to make it even more robust, to make it a pillar for safeguarding peace and security in both outer space and cyberspace."...</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </blockquote> <p style="margin-bottom:11px"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif"><span style="font-size:12.0pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><a href="https://www.militarytimes.com/news/your-military/2020/01/19/marking-60th-anniversary-of-defense-treaty-abe-vows-to-boost-japans-role-in-us-alliance/" style="color:#0563c1; text-decoration:underline">Read on</a>.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> </div> <span><span>SWJED</span></span> <span>Sun, 01/19/2020 - 3:29pm</span> <ul class="links inline list-inline"><li class="node-readmore"><a href="/blog/marking-60th-anniversary-defense-treaty-abe-vows-boost-japans-role-us-alliance" rel="tag" title="Marking 60th Anniversary of Defense Treaty, Abe Vows to Boost Japan’s Role in U.S. Alliance" hreflang="en">Read more<span class="visually-hidden"> about Marking 60th Anniversary of Defense Treaty, Abe Vows to Boost Japan’s Role in U.S. Alliance</span></a></li><li class="comment-forbidden"><a href="/user/login?destination=/blog/marking-60th-anniversary-defense-treaty-abe-vows-boost-japans-role-us-alliance%23comment-form">Log in</a> or <a href="/user/register?destination=/blog/marking-60th-anniversary-defense-treaty-abe-vows-boost-japans-role-us-alliance%23comment-form">register</a> to post comments</li><li></li></ul> Sun, 19 Jan 2020 20:29:55 +0000 SWJED 131801 at https://smallwarsjournal.com