Small Wars Journal

Thoughts on "Hybrid" Conflict

Mon, 03/02/2009 - 7:40pm
Thoughts on "Hybrid" Conflict

by Dr. Russell W. Glenn, Small Wars Journal

Thoughts on "Hybrid" Conflict (Full PDF Article)

The last several years have seen the rise of "hybrid warfare" as a term in international and U.S. armed forces literature. Others similarly write of "hybrid conflict," "hybrid war," or "hybrid threat," ...

We can credit Hezbollah for the recent and rapid spike in such interest. That group's success in defending against the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) over 34 days spanning July 12 - August 14, 2006 gained worldwide attention. The notice is unsurprising given the success experienced by a non-state actor's military against a national armed forces with an established reputation for excellence. But do "hybrid warfare," "conflict," "war," or "threat" merit this newfound notoriety in light of both the Second Lebanon War and broader analysis? The question is a nontrivial one at a time when challenges in Iraq, Afghanistan, southern Philippines, and elsewhere continue to challenge Western defense thinkers while foes of developed nations demonstrate an ability to share proven techniques. Comments made by Israelis in the aftermath of the July-August 2006 Second Lebanon War add further impetus to questioning the value of adding yet another concept to defense thinking. Among the problems recognized as undermining IDF performance during that conflict was penetration of the country's military doctrine by an "intellectual virus," i.e., the introduction of new and opaque thinking that clouded rather than clarified the guidance provided those committed to Israel's security. U.S. doctrine and thinking are similarly vulnerable to adverse influences. The confusion wreaked by effects-based operations (EBO) ended only after the commander of U.S. Joint Forces Command recently declared it would not become a part of joint doctrine. (Interestingly, EBO was cited by Israelis as one of the imported concepts found unhelpful in 2006.)

The deliberately brief discussion to follow considers the value of a hybrid construct in two contexts. First, we consider none-too-consistent usage of the term in light of its applicability to the security challenges of today and tomorrow. Second, we confront the issue of whether the hybrid concept is sufficiently original to merit addition to military intellectual discourse and -- ultimately -- armed forces doctrine as a separate form of warfare. Another possibility, of course, is that the term may serve to educate even if the concept represents nothing new, much as did Basil Liddell-Hart's "indirect approach" in the aftermath of World War I.

Thoughts on "Hybrid" Conflict (Full PDF Article)

About the Author(s)



Tue, 12/28/2021 - 2:10am

We are Leading suppliers of an extensive range of genuine and aftermarket Land Rover parts and accessories. With years of experience behind, we take great pride in providing the absolute best to our clients, delivering all around the world at unbeatable prices.

LRJ Direct


Mon, 11/08/2021 - 6:30am

In these times advanced and newer technologies people are using to defend themselves, their country, and people. Microwaves are still dangerous for health and the environment but now these waves have been used by some countries for defending.roadside service near me



Mon, 08/09/2021 - 7:03am

I really appreciate the kind of topics you post here. Thanks for sharing us a great information that is actually helpful. Good day!!!personalized labels This is the first time that I here in this blog, Thanks for sharing this is a nice and wonderful post.


Fri, 08/06/2021 - 2:29pm

Teenage girls are mostly like pullovers with skirts to love with the school-inspired collection. Holders are fixed with side-to-side concur with girly pullovers with planning busted tees similarly as A-line skirts and tights. torsejackets

Maleena Morgan

Fri, 08/06/2021 - 6:37am

So sweet of you for sharing them! I am waiting for more of these. please keep continue to have posts of these kind to share with everyone It will help us a lot.<a href="">plushbeds coupon</a>just check this and make yourself happy by using discounted coupon.


Thu, 06/03/2021 - 8:28am

This is King Jordan, a professional blogger I enjoy writing on multiple callings with a firm grip on specialty include digital marketing, affiliate marketing, entertainment, and e-commerce blogs I have been currently working with the couponstycoon on a manager post, besides being a writer by day I keep up with the research at night which helps me, master, over the skills along with gaining information.

coupons tycoon


Thu, 05/27/2021 - 5:41am


The most sizzling character in the Hollywood business continually complimenting himself as the style-centered man. The edge has a place with Keanu Reeves, as of late making himself noticeable in the computer game Cyberpunk 2077 playing out the part of Johnny Silverhand he has been spotted wearing the outfit which has gotten striking among the design monstrosities, Cyberpunk 2077 Johnny Silverhand Vest is accessible at Hollywood Leather Jackets, so get it and embrace the finesse of the style symbol


Wed, 01/06/2021 - 3:19am

At Walmart and other stores in the 'cat' isle there is often formula made specifically to replace mother's milk. You also need to try to make sure that you have a bottle at hand, it would replace mother with the formula. If she's young she isn't at laser light is monochromatic and coherent weened yet so she won't eat, and water is unfamiliar to her. When or if you leave her make sure she's safe and in a good state to stay alone.


Wed, 09/09/2020 - 3:31am

A Halloween occasion is only a normal yearly occasion for a considerable lot of us. However, for a few, this is the most anticipated Halloween Shop season. On the off chance that you consider yourself the not many that affection to simply dress in an ensemble, be pleased with it.

Major Brian Fleming (not verified)

Mon, 08/31/2009 - 3:59pm

Hybrid threats will significantly impact how the military organizes, trains and equips for full spectrum operations in the near future. Likewise, it will inform U.S. military strategy, policy and resource investment priorities, as well as the ongoing future force debate.
In many ways, hybrid warfare is a U.S. forces perspective on how to deal with complex operational environments where an adversary employs unrestricted warfare combining all available tools to achieve objectives. As Frank Hoffman describes, the hybrid construct offers a framework to "describe the evolving character of conflict, challenge conventional thinking and highlight the true dynamics of the spectrum of human conflict."
In my opinion, the proliferation of the use of the term hybrid threat by senior leaders necessitates the development of a common definition and the need to codify the term in service and Joint lexicon.

Greg Grant (not verified)

Tue, 03/03/2009 - 1:41pm

Wrong. Hybrid war is not merely a subset of Irregular Warfare. IW is conflict played out among and for the votes of the populace by aid workers with guns. There is nothing remotely similar about COIN and Hybrid war.

Hybrid war is a definitional concept that encompasses a blending of conventional and guerrilla organization, weapons, modes of fighting that is played out not for the minds of people but for control over territory or to defeat an opponent's fielded force, e.g. Grozny, South Lebanon.