Small Wars Journal

Ukraine: WAR BULLETIN April 1, 11.00 a.m. EST

Fri, 04/01/2022 - 5:20pm

Embassy of Ukraine in the USA

 

WAR BULLETIN

April 1, 11.00 a.m. EST

 

WAR ROOM

 

General Stuff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine

The total combat losses of the enemy from 24.02 to 01.04 were approximately:

personnel - about 17700,

tanks ‒ 625,

APV ‒ 1751,

artillery systems – 316,

MLRS - 96,

Anti-aircraft warfare systems - 54,

aircraft – 143,

helicopters – 131,

vehicles - 1220,

boats / cutters - 7,

fuel tanks - 76,

UAV operational-tactical level - 85.

special equipment - 24.

mobile SRBM system - 4.

Data are being updated. The calculation is complicated by the high intensity of hostilities.

The thirty-seventh day of the heroic resistance of the Ukrainian people to the russian military invasion continues.

The Russian federation continues to conduct full-scale armed aggression against Ukraine. The enemy continues to launch systematic missile, bomb and air strikes on critical infrastructure, government buildings and residential areas of Ukrainian cities.

The Russian occupying forces are regrouping and are likely to focus on an offensive operation in the Eastern Operational Zone.

There is a partial withdrawal of units of the Russian occupying forces from the Polissya and Siversky directions. At the same time, the enemy is preparing to move additional units (reserves) of the Eastern Military District to conduct hostilities on the territory of Ukraine.

In the Volyn direction, units of the Armed Forces of the republic of Belarus are taking measures to strengthen the protection of the Belarusian-Ukrainian border.

The enemy did not carry out offensive operations in the Polissya direction. The main efforts of the occupiers are aimed at defending the previously occupied borders, regrouping and withdrawing troops to the territory of the republic of Belarus to restore combat capability. To ensure the withdrawal of its units, the enemy mines the terrain and infrastructure, uses artillery.

Units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine restored control over the settlements of Demydiv, Dymer, Lytvynivka, Gavrylivka, Kozarovychi, Zhovtneve, Hlybivka, Yasnohorodka, Talakun, Sukoluchchya, Lypivka, Gavronshchyna, Makovyshche, Mykolaivka, Khmilna.

In the northern direction, the enemy continues to blockade the city of Chernihiv. At the same time, there is a movement of troops of the Central Military District to areas located at a short distance from the state border of Ukraine.

After the departure of the enemy, the Armed Forces of Ukraine took control of the settlements of Rudnya, Shevchenkove, Bobryk, Stara Basan, Nova Basan, Makiyivka, Pohreby, Bazhanivka, Volodymyrivka, Shnyakivka, Salne, Sofiyivka, Gavrylivka.

In the Slobozhansky direction, the enemy continues to blockade Kharkiv and carry out artillery shelling of the city. Additional delivery of ammunition for artillery units is recorded.

In the Izyum direction, the enemy continues to control Izyum and hold pontoon crossings across the Siversky Donets River in order to ensure offensive operations. During the day, the enemy fought in the direction of the settlement of Mala Komyshuvakha, stopped, without success.

It is likely that the enemy will strengthen the grouping of occupation troops in the Izyum direction at the expense of separate units of the 1st Tank and 20th All-Army.

In the Donetsk direction, the Russians continue to carry out fire and assault operations in some areas.

The main efforts are focused on taking control of the settlements of Popasna and Rubizhne, as well as establishing full control over the city of Mariupol.

In the South Buh area, units of the occupying forces continue to fire under artillery on the positions of Ukrainian troops. In order to improve the tactical situation, the enemy tried to conduct offensive operations in the direction of the village of Alexandrivka.

The units of the occupation forces continue to partially withdraw from the north of Kyiv oblast towards the state border with the republic of Belarus. It is noted the movement of joint columns of equipment of different quantity of Russians. The convoys also include civilian vehicles (trucks, buses, minibuses, cars) that were stolen by the invaders during the temporary occupation of the territories.

In addition, the enemy carries out the removal of looted property.
In the temporarily occupied territories, the enemy continues its illegal actions, restricting the movement of civilians, using the houses and apartments of local residents to accommodate personnel, holding hostages local residents and activists. Marauding and violence against Ukrainian citizens continues.

In the temporarily occupied areas, the occupiers are trying to force entrepreneurs to switch to paying for goods and services in Russian rubles. The Joint Forces of Ukraine repulsed 7 enemy attacks in the Donetsk and Luhansk directions during the day. Ukrainian warriors destroyed 3 tanks, 2 armored personnel carriers, 2 units of motor vehicles and 2 artillery systems. An Orlan-10 UAV was also shot down.

 

Ministry of Defence of Ukraine

The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine would like to draw attention to incorrect information published in many Ukrainian and foreign media about the situation in the skies of Ukraine and the support of Ukraine by our allies.

While the Ukrainian people are defending their country from Russian aggression, we ask journalists of all countries to be careful and not to support the Russian army by spreading inaccurate information.

⚫️ Myth: Ukraine's success on the ground is enough to win the war.

🔻 Truth: Air superiority is the decisive factor in this war.

Airspace control has played a crucial role in all wars since World War II. Dominance in the air is a rapid and accurate strike on enemy troops, logistics centers, and other essential facilities and compelling fire support of its ground and naval forces.

⚫️ Myth: The Ukrainian Air Force has weapons to defend the country from Russia effectively.

🔻 Truth: Russian air defense systems are significantly superior to Ukrainian ones and access more modern radars and missile technologies.

At present, the Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine cannot completely cover the skies over Ukraine and gain an advantage over Russia in the air. Russian Aerospace Forces significantly outnumber Ukrainian aircraft in number and advanced technologies. Due to this imbalance between the Russian and Ukrainian military forces, the Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine urgently asked Western partners to provide more modern fighters and air defense equipment from the very beginning of the war. The Air Force is also suffering losses. Russian troops are destroying more and more equipment or breaking down during operations. This need is becoming more urgent.

⚫️ Myth: "Stingers" or other Man-portable air-defense systems compensate for the lack of equipment of the Air Force of Ukraine.

🔻 Truth: For a successful confrontation in the sky of Russian aircraft (including cruise missiles), Ukraine needs both fighters and anti-aircraft missile systems of medium and long-range.

Portable air defense systems, such as the Stinger, have a limited range (up to 5 km) and functionality and cannot compensate for the lack of modern fighters and anti-aircraft missile systems of medium and long-range. Kamikaze drones are designed to hit ground targets and also cannot withstand Russian planes and missiles.

⚫️ Myth: The United States and NATO provide Ukraine with all the necessary weapons. The Allies are doing everything possible except taking part in the war.

🔻 Truth: To date, our allies did not meet our needs for air defense (fighters and anti-aircraft missile systems).

We have not received the weapons we need to defend our skies and win, other than the short-range portable anti-aircraft missile systems we have already provided. Fighters are most needed in the sky. Given the conditions, the Air Force had enough F-15 and F-16 generation 4+, on which Ukrainian pilots will be able to fly after 2-3 weeks of training. Unlike Soviet MiG-29s, these fighters are equipped with the best technology used by the enemy, including modern radars and missiles.

Ground-based air defense systems will be able to prevent airstrikes and missile strikes. Russia has fired more than 1,000 ballistic and cruise missiles and dropped hundreds of tons of unguided bombs on Ukrainian cities and villages. Most of them could be intercepted if the Ukrainian sky was protected by the necessary number of modern air defense systems.

Currently, Ukraine has at its disposal S-300 long-range anti-aircraft missile systems (SA-10) and Buk-M1 medium-range missile defense systems. However, these are outdated Soviet-era systems that are much worse than Russian ones, such as the S-400 and others.

Patriot systems (USA) or cheaper and more mobile NASAMS systems (Norway) would be the most effective for the adequate protection of Ukrainian airspace.

However, the Armed Forces of Ukraine would be satisfied with the Soviet Systems S-300, Buk-M1, which are also now effective in combating the enemy.

https://bit.ly/3qRmoz2

 

Ukrainian Parliament Commissioner for Human Rights

Another horrible war crime of the Russian army against Ukrainian children.

Russian military kidnap children and use them as human shields when moving their columns of equipment.

According to residents of the village of Novy Bykiv (Chernihiv region), the occupiers took hostage and put local children in trucks.  In this way, they "insure" the columns with equipment.

Russian invaders use children as hostages - as a guarantee that the local population will not give the coordinates of the enemy's movement to Ukrainian defenders.  Cases of using children as cover are recorded in Sumy, Kyiv, Chernihiv, Zaporizhzhia oblasts.

The actions of the Russian occupation forces violate the right of children to life, which is enshrined in Article 6 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.  The killing of children and the shelling of peaceful settlements are crimes against humanity and war crimes under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

I appeal to the UN Commission for Investigation Human Rights Violations during Russia's Military Invasion of Ukraine and the expert mission set up by the OSCE participating States under the Moscow Mechanism to take into account these facts of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Ukraine.

https://bit.ly/3K2hIO6

 

The Russian occupiers are trying to establish full control over Mariupol in the Donetsk region.

Since yesterday, the invaders have not allowed residents from Mariupol.  According to eyewitnesses, the invaders set a deadline of 5-7 days, when the city will remain closed.

Depriving civilians of the opportunity to save their lives is nothing but genocide under the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

I appeal to the UN Commission to Investigate Human Rights Violations during the Russian Military Invasion of Ukraine and the expert mission set up by the OSCE participating States in accordance with the Moscow Mechanism to take into account these human rights violations in Ukraine.

https://bit.ly/3DDHPZy

 

The occupiers are terrorizing teachers of the peaceful city of Melitopol.

The invaders decided to start the Russian-language education process on Russian programs on April 4. They are trying to force children to stay in the city as a human shield in the event of an attack by the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

Principals of Melitopol schools refused to cooperate with the enemy, so everyone wrote applications for dismissal.

As a result, the self-proclaimed mayor of Melitopol, Halyna Danilchenko, ordered the Russian military to expel disobedient school administrators from the city.

Last night, the occupiers came to the homes of three directors, Angelina Kovalenko, Olena Galatsan and Lyudmila Chugai, and drove them in an unknown direction.

By these actions, Russian militants grossly violate Articles 3 and 34 of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, Article 9 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and Article 5 of the European Convention on Human Rights.

The act of coercion by the occupiers and interference in the educational process is a direct violation of the right to cultural and national identity guaranteed by Article 29 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and the right to education under Articles 24 and 94 of the 1949 Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War.

https://bit.ly/37bO1fe

 

The occupiers continue to illegally mobilize the inhabitants of ORDLO and send them into battle in front of Russian troops as a human shield.

Mobilization in the temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts is carried out by force: men are detained on the streets, in shops and forcibly taken to military enlistment offices, and those who disobey orders are intimidated by executions on the spot.

After that, recruits without training and equipment were sent by the Russian occupiers to Kharkiv. The so-called "command" did not sign any documents with them.

The men are sent in front of the regular troops to storm the Ukrainian positions.

International humanitarian law prohibits forced mobilization. Article 51 IV of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War prohibits the occupying Power from forcing persons under protection, those under the control of a party to the conflict or an occupying State of which they are not nationals, to serve in its armed forces or auxiliary forces.

https://bit.ly/3j1VnUV

 

Ministry of Health of Ukraine

21 ambulances arrived in Ukraine from French communities. Russian occupiers, who are acting like real criminals, ruthlessly fire on hospitals and ambulances. For more than a month of war, 67 ambulances became a target for the enemy and came under fire.

https://moz.gov.ua/article/news/ukraina-otrimala-vid-francii-avtivki-shvidkoi-dopomogi

 

 

POLICY

Office of the President of Ukraine

The Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Andriy Yermak: Ukraine has proved to everyone that it is a serious player that needs to be respected.

Andriy Yermak noted that today Ukraine is not only defending itself from Russian aggression - it is protecting the whole European world. So Europe must help He said this in an interview with leading international media - The New Yorker, Bild and Le Monde.

 

A.Yermak stressed that the position of Russian troops in the Kyiv direction is currently changing, but "we can only believe when they leave our country."

The Head of President Office also noted that the blockade of the city of Mariupol is underway. There, people are dying without food and water, and the Russian side is not opening humanitarian corridors to evacuate residents. "Instead, the Russians are trying to take people away to Russia under the pretext of" if you want to survive", -  underlined A.Yermak.

"Mariupol is totally blocked. They are ready to completely destroy Mariupol just to take it under control, "he added. According to the head of the President's Office, given that Russian forces continue to bomb civilian settlements.

"We continue to talk about sanctions and I asked my good friend Michael McFaul for the analysis of sanctions. We started to analyze each sanction - how it works, which of it is effective in a short time as Ukrainians are paying every day with their lives for this brutal war.

Today, thanks to international restrictive measures against Russia and the successful deterrence of armed aggression by the Ukrainian army, Russia has moved from the language of ultimatums to dialogue, although this dialogue is difficult.

A.Yermak noted that Ukraine has always been in favor of dialogue and most of all wants to achieve peace. But there are fundamental issues on which concessions are impossible. "In Zelensky's time, Ukraine will not give away a single centimeter of our territory" he underlined.

Ukraine struggling for European values, freedom and justice, has once again proved that it deserves to take a worthy place among European countries. Today, President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has become a leader of the free world, and the entire Ukrainian nation is a true hero.

https://www.president.gov.ua/news/andrij-yermak-ukrayina-dovela-vsim-sho-ye-serjoznim-gravcem-74013

 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine

Minister Dmytro Kuleba: “We need to impose more sanctions on Russia and provide more weapons to Ukraine. Both factors facilitate negotiations, not hinder them. "

The Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine took part in an online meeting of the Bucharest Nine, NATO members Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Hungary, and the Czech Republic.

Key messages:

-       Ukraine calls on NATO's eastern flank to focus on two priorities. First: how to strengthen Ukraine with weapons. Second, how to weaken Russia to prevent it from achieving its goals.

-       Russia must be isolated on all fronts, ruthlessly cut all its rescue paths, nullify all malicious Russian activities abroad.

-       Ukraine's victory will mean the victory of the entire democratic world.

-       Ukraine is grateful to nine allies of NATO's eastern flank for caring for Ukrainian citizens temporarily forced to go abroad, as well as for actively promoting Ukraine's integration into the EU.

More details on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: https://cutt.ly/hDJhRHX

 

The operational situation on the diplomatic front as of 10:00, April 1

For 36 days in a row, Ukraine has been fiercely resisting Russia's armed aggression on all fronts, including diplomatic.

☑️ Sanctions

The U.S. Department of Commerce will soon impose new sanctions on 120 militaries, aviation, and maritime entities in Russia and Belarus

☑️ World's support

Following a donors' conference convened by British Defense Secretary Ben Wallace, the Allies agreed to provide more assistance to strengthen Ukraine's defense capabilities

The President of the European Parliament Roberta Metsola has arrived in Ukraine

The World Association of Nuclear Operators relocates all Ukrainian nuclear power plants to the Paris Center. Before that, Ukrainian nuclear power plants have been part of the WANO Moscow center since 1989

☑️ Deputinization of the world

The Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau said that the countries of the G20 should reconsider Russia's participation

The Latvian Seimas has banned the use of symbols that denote military aggression and crimes against Ukraine used by Russia

The Estonian government has approved a draft amendment to the Penal Code, according to which the public display of hostile symbols of the Russian Federation will be classified as a crime

☑️ Humanitarian aid

In Lithuania, the charity organization "Maisto bankas" sent 20.27 tons of food to the Armed Forces of Ukraine

The Czech Ministry of the Interior is handing over $ 230,000 worth of medical supplies

https://bit.ly/3IVzelP

 

 

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