Small Wars Journal

Horn of Africa

On the Horns of a Dilemma – Addressing Chinese Security Engagement in the HOA

China’s increased security engagement in the Horn of Africa has important implications for United States’ policies equally in the region and globally. China’s expansion presents both risks and opportunities that the United States should judiciously consider and leverage to ensure continued stability and the advancement of interests shared between the U.S. and China.

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Leveraging Influence, Incentive, and Insurgency to Achieve Political Endstate in Early 20th Century Horn of Africa

The most celebrated political and military figure in the Horn of Africa may be Sayyid Mohammad Abdullah Hassan, a leader credited with constructing modern Somali political identity. Known as the ‘bard of Somalia,’ Hassan is oft considered the exemplar of colonial resistance, honored by numerous statues in the region.

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