“But the Viet-Minh had had about ten months in which to establish their administration, train their forces with Japanese and American weapons (and Japanese and Chinese instructors), and kill or terrorize into submission the genuine Vietnamese nationalists who wanted a Viet-Nam independent from France but equally free of Communist rule. The first round of the war for Indochina already had been lost for the West before it had even begun.”

-- Bernard B. Fall, Street Without Joy: The French Debacle in Indochina

Marine Corps Musicians Perform Ballads During a Worship Service at the Washington National Cathedral. The Marines are Assigned to "The President's Own" U.S. Marine Band.

"Small wars are operations undertaken under executive authority, wherein military force is combined with diplomatic pressure in the internal or external affairs of another state whose government is unstable, inadequate, or unsatisfactory for the preservation of life and of such interests as are determined by the foreign policy of our Nation."

-- Small Wars Manual, 1940

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Recently, I spoke with four individuals about the ongoing and evolving crisis concerning Post-Independence Referendum Iraqi Kurdistan.

The growing lethality of N. Korea’s military increasingly undercuts America’s ability to use diplomatic pressure, economic sanctions or military force to counter its provocative behavior.

A battle for spiritual dominance and power is taking place in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro.

The fundamentalist rulers of Iran are confident that their goal of establishing a coalition of Shia countries and regions under their control is nearing fruition.

Most people pay attention to the heavy hitters, but a group that needs more extensive study is the Haqqani Network in Afghanistan, Pakistan and other Central Asian countries.

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"Whiskey is popular among America’s fighting forces... And it isn’t just any whiskey — it’s the American-made bourbons, ryes and Tennessee whiskeys that really move off...

Add U.S. lawmakers to the ranks of those worried the country's special operations forces are being stretched to a possible breaking point.

"Afghan security forces supported by the U.S. military raped children but American troops were told to ignore it, according to a report by the Pentagon's inspector general Thursday."

“There are now 500 U.S. troops in Somalia, where the military has carried out daily airstrikes in the past week, but the Pentagon refuses to call it a buildup.”

“Like Islamic State, Iran and Hezbollah call for Israel’s destruction—but they have greater military capability.”