Small Wars Journal

Think, Write, and Publish: An Army Captain’s Perspective

Sun, 10/27/2013 - 6:26pm

Think, Write, and Publish: An Army Captain’s Perspective

Joe Byerly

“Nail your whispers to the wall.  Conclude the trilogy of read..think..and write.  Is there ‘career risk’ in publishing? I suppose.  Hasn’t hurt me too badly over the years, I’d say.  But what matters is testing your ideas on the field of intellectual battle so to speak.”

-Admiral (ret) James Stravridis

Junior to mid-grade leaders, both officers and NCOs, do a lot of thinking!  These leaders constantly develop innovative solutions for problems, ranging from the simple to extremely complex, during combat deployments, training exercises, and garrison activities.  These solutions or ideas are worth hearing about, however many of these young leaders remain professionally silent.  Published articles by this demographic of Army leaders are extremely important to their personal development and to our profession, but are also extremely rare.  It’s not that these leaders necessarily have better ideas than the Command Sergeants Major, Colonels, or General Officers, it’s simply that they bring a fresh outlook to the professional discourse that takes place in our military journals and other outlets.  To further illustrate this point, think about when you PCS.  If you’re anything like me, after living in a new house for only a month, I no longer notice those things that bothered me when I first moved in.  It usually takes someone who doesn’t live with me, to bring them back to my attention.  Similarly, NCOs and officers that have been in the service for a decade or more may have become blind to those blemishes and annoyances that still are fresh in the eyes of younger leaders.  It is this voice we need to continue to hear through publication in printed journals and online blogs. 

A desire by younger men and women in the Army to improve themselves, and in the process their craft, is nothing new.  Take for example two innovative officers in the Interwar Period.  In the fall of 1919, Major Dwight Eisenhower and Lieutenant Colonel George Patton began spending a considerable amount of time training, experimenting, and discussing new methods of tank warfare at Camp Meade.  They saw the possibility of using tanks to achieve rapid breakthroughs vice just moving in support of the infantry.  Eisenhower captured these ideas in writing and published them in a 1920 Infantry Journal article, titled “A Tank Discussion”.   The article wasn’t well received because it ran counter to the accepted doctrine.  Eisenhower was reprimanded by the Chief of Infantry, MG Charles S. Farnsworth, who told him that his ideas were dangerous, and that if he tried to publish them again he would face a court-martial.    

At the time of publication, Eisenhower had only five years of experience and the tank was still a nascent technology on the battlefield.  He wasn’t overly invested in the tactical doctrine, so his creativity wasn’t stifled.  He faced some pressure for publishing his thoughts, but in the end it contributed to a professional discussion that eventually led to better doctrine for the inclusion of armor in the fight.

Today’s younger officers and NCOs have more battlefield experience, and more practice at creating innovative solutions to combat situations, than most recent generations.  Unfortunately, their new perspectives and ways of doing business are largely kept at the unit level or shared among groups of friends.  They are thinking, and hopefully writing, but too few are publishing.  This is something that we must change.  In the words of Admiral (ret) Jim Stravridis, “publishing your thoughts for others to see…. extends the reach of your ideas and sparks a larger discussion, a larger professional conversation.”  Following a decade of lessons learned in and out of combat, we need this larger conversation to occur so that the profession may continue to evolve and adapt. 

A few years ago, I decided to move beyond thinking into writing and publishing.  In 2011, I came out of my second command and, for the first time in eight years, had a considerable amount of time for reflection.  I whipped out a green notebook and began to write, and write, and write some more.  While this was great for me personally, it wasn’t that valuable to the profession.  After reading the blogs and articles from current leaders like Jonathan Silk, Nathan Finney, and Benjamin Kohlmann, I decided to compile my notebook scribbles into substance for publication.  One of the first articles I wrote took me 4 months, numerous drafts, and constant sharing with friends and mentors for comments.  I remember being excited and anxious as I finally submitted it for publication to Military Review.  It only took a few weeks to receive a rejection notice.  While I was disappointed, I had an idea that was no longer simply in my head, it had crystallized in written form.  I passed it around and a couple of things happened:  First, I was offered a temporary assignment to work on a project that was related to my article.  I got to see a concept that I wrote about come to life, thus giving me a chance to affect the greater profession.  Second, a higher-ranking officer reached out to me and combined pieces of my rejected article with his research to produce a piece that was published in the May-June 2013 issue of Military Review

Those events validated for me the point that if junior leaders want to affect change, make the profession better, or just share experiences with others, we need to step onto the battlefield of ideas with our thoughts captured in writing. 

In the process of publishing, and from lessons gleaned from the reading of history, here are some lessons I learned:

  1. Multiple drafts/Multiple sets of eyes- None of my articles/posts have ever been ready for publication after the first, second, or even the third draft.  There are always grammatical errors or structural problems that I might miss, so I pass it along to a friend for review.  After finalizing the edits, I may pass it on to one more person for a final look.  One more set of eyes never hurts.
  1. Seek out mentors to develop articles- In addition to potentially coauthoring articles, mentors can provide additional insight, offer a more seasoned perspective, and provide additional resources to bolster the article.
  1. Be prepared for feedback- To paraphrase Stravridis, publishing articles is like nailing your whispers to the wall for everyone to see. Not everyone is going to agree with your viewpoints, but that is okay.  Negative feedback is nerve-racking and scary; however it lets you know that people are at least reading your efforts.  Hearing from or reading comments from others who disagree with your viewpoints offers you the opportunity to see differing outlooks on the subject, which may help to deepen your understanding of the subject you wrote about.
  1. Writing closes doors- Many published leaders have had doors close on them throughout their careers when they brought ideas, especially those that ran counter to the collective thought, to the battlefield of ideas.  Something to keep in mind is that while writing can close doors, it can also…
  1. Writing opens doors- Eisenhower’s article in Infantry Journal may have closed some doors within the Infantry Branch, but it also may have served as a building block in his relationship with Fox Conner.  One of Conner’s own articles, published 10 years earlier, “Field Artillery in Cooperation with Other Arms,” led to revisions in artillery doctrine.  Without Fox Connor’s mentorship of Eisenhower, much of the military history of the mid-twentieth century would be quite different.  As in the past, today there are senior leaders in the Army that will champion initiatives…but they need to read about them first.
  1. There’s a venue for everyone – From online military blogs like Small Wars Journal and War on the Rocks, to branch magazines like Armor and Infantry Magazine, there is a venue for every leader at every level.  Chances are there is at least one that would be interested in your (well-written) idea.  

In less than a week, I will take the next step in my professional career, moving from company grade to field grade officer. While I hope that my views will always remain current and relevant, I know that over time I may become blind to those things that can and should be changed.  One way to avoid this blindness is to continue to read published articles of company grade officers and NCOs, as well as working with those interested in writing.  The next crop of Pattons and Eisenhowers are currently walking among us, and I would love to read their thoughts.



Fri, 03/28/2014 - 11:09am

Part of the problem with most publishing escapades is that there is nothing new or of any substance in a lot of published pieces. I was in a unit that pushed Captains to publish. The product being put out matched a lot of other work being done. These articles then get put in schlocky journals that are subscribed to by the Battalion Commander so he can send up a "good news story" about how his Captains are shaping the Army. The reality is that they were hindering the Army by publishing things that have already been done. They have not advanced the debate at all. Your story about Eisenhower illustrates what should be published and what should not be published.

There was probably no greater evidence of this lack of intellectual curiosity on the part of a publisher than the article entitled "How to Eat Steak with a Knife and Fork!" published by a Lieutenant Colonel. It detailed schools that exist at Fort Benning. Really? Let's get someone out there discussing a new form of doing something, not detailing stuff we learn in MCCC.

Outlaw 09

Mon, 10/28/2013 - 2:58pm

In order to publish in the current cultural environment there must be trust in order to facilitate an open dialogue regardless of what one writes--- regardless for what kind of audience.

Found these interesting comment in a Trust article in Sept/Oct Military Review.

The Trust Challenge
Interviews with commander (O-5/O-6 level) and
senior enlisted (E-9) focus groups revealed a perceived
lack of trust and confidence in subordinate
leaders’ expertise (knowledge, skills, and abilities)
for garrison (home station) operations. They cited a
lack of experience among midgrade officers and noncommissioned
officers (NCOs) required for competence
in the home station environment. These factors
reinforce the concept that competence and expertise
are major components of trust at the individual and
organizational level.14
Within the Army, but especially among these midgrade
leaders, lack of trust is related to the perception
of a culture that fails to exhibit candor, does not
permit honest mistakes, and where top-down loyalty
is perceived as weak (i.e., loyalty to subordinate
members is disproportionate or lacking). In addition,
the perception exists among soldiers that senior leaders
are not candid with their superiors, military or
civilian. Such perceptions are characteristic of poor
leadership environments and were cited in two Army
Times articles in 2011 related to toxic leadership,
which were based on Center for Army Leadership
data and reports.15