Jennifer A. Obernier

Dr. Obernier and Mr. Sanders are currently with the Office of the Secretary of Defense. Frank Sanders is a retired U.S. Army Special Forces Colonel. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government.

This paper explores how the similarities between covert action and UW activities have led to a negative perception of UW and lengthy delays in its use.