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SWJ Book Review: “Waging Insurgent Warfare: Lessons from the Vietcong to the Islamic State” by Seth Jones
How does an insurgency move from the idea stage to the waging of the insurgency and eventual (sometimes) success? Seth Jones, an adjunct professor at Johns Hopkins University School for Advanced International Studies offers a unique perspective on answer this question. Jones clearly states that this is a “practical handbook to help understand insurgent warfare”. This book is unique in that unlike many others published since the withdrawal of US forces from Iraq and Afghanistan it is focused on the neglected systemic treatment of the insurgency itself, while others in this genre focus on counterinsurgency.
Jones breaks down over seven chapters how an insurgency begins and then goes through the various strategies, tactics, organizational structures, how insurgents use propaganda and gain outside support historically used in an insurgency. He uses past and current insurgencies to validate his points throughout the book.
Jones starts off by describing the catalysts that groups use to instigate an insurgency. He discusses that grievances are the focus. Without grievances these actors would not be motivated to start an insurgency. Jones further defines three major causes of a grievance to include low-income per-capita, religious polarization and ethnic polarization with examples of regions and times when this happened. Along with grievances the recipe for an insurgency are weak governance and access to resources to start.
The closing chapter discusses how one can garner the information in the previous chapters and integrate them into an effective counter-insurgency campaign. Jones breaks this chapter down into sections that correspond to the main chapters of the book. Each section then goes into detail explaining the vulnerabilities of an insurgency and the suggests ways to use counter-insurgency to defeat them.
This book was extremely informative when relating to conducting counter-insurgency operations in Iraq. During 2005-6 counter-insurgency was the buzz word for coalition forces working in Iraq and Afghanistan. When training for deployments to conduct Counter-insurgency operations they would spend hours looking at past conflicts from the counter-insurgent role, never from the side of the insurgents. To include creating a counter-insurgency academy in Taji, Iraq for incoming advisors. Jones does that, he has created an academic blueprint to help understand how an insurgency is motivated and performs. He uses empirical data to validate his arguments throughout the book. There are also a fair number of graphs without being overwhelming to knuckle draggers that may be reading. Waging Insurgent Warfare was worth the time to read. It reaches to readers of various levels. It is good for those conducting counter-insurgency operations to see how their enemy is set up and how to help combat them on the streets and in the hills, as well as at a strategic level for military planners on how to plan a counter-insurgency campaign. This book is also for those who students of military warfare, as Jones uses various insurgent conflicts to support his thesis. After having read many other books on counter-insurgency and conducting counter-insurgency myself supporting the global war on terror this one is rare in that it provides a framework for an insurgency.