Small Wars Journal

Al-Shabab Hits U.S.-Somali Outpost; One American Killed

Al-Shabab Hits U.S.-Somali Outpost; One American Killed

Harun Maruf and Jeff Seldin - VOA News

PENTAGON - One U.S. special operations soldier is dead and four are wounded after al-Qaida-linked militants attacked an outpost under construction Friday in southwestern Somalia.

Friday’s attack, about 50 kilometers north of the port city of Kismayo, came as U.S. forces were helping Somali and Kenyan troops construct the outpost, part of a multiday mission to help clear the area of militants with the al-Shabab terror group, according to U.S. military officials.

Witnesses said the attack took place near the town of Sanguni, while the U.S., Somali and Kenyan troops were digging trenches and setting up other defenses.

They said the militants set off a series of explosions before targeting the forces with heavy gunfire and mortar rounds.

A helicopter was brought in to evacuate the wounded.

The U.S. said a Somali soldier was among the wounded, though witnesses said two Somali soldiers were killed.

Al-Shabab’s Shahada News Agency quickly claimed responsibility for the attack via the social media platform Telegram.

“Shabaab al-Mujahideen Movement fighters mounted a fierce attack in a military base of American and Somali forces,” the report said according to a translation by the SITE Intelligence Group.

Despite the attack, U.S. officials say the Somali and Kenyan forces were able to complete the outpost, and that the Somali government will be able to use it to push al-Shabab from the region.

The death of the U.S. soldier in Somalia is the second in the last two years.

Last May a U.S. Navy SEAL was killed near the village of Dar es Salaam in Somalia’s Lower Shabelle region, the first U.S. casualty in the country since 1993’s Black Hawk Down incident.

Al-Shabab has increased the pace of its attacks in recent weeks, coinciding with start of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, including two attacks, in Wajid and El-Wak, Thursday.

In El-Wak, near the border with Kenya, the militants raided a local health center for medicine and other supplies.

Earlier this month, al-Shabab claimed it blew up a U.S. military vehicle and also downed a U.S. surveillance drone near Bosaso in the country’s northeast.

Friday’s attack on the U.S.-Somali force north of Kismayo comes as U.S. military officials have been considering plans to cut the number of U.S. special operations deployed to Africa.

The plan, first reported by The New York Times, would reduce the number of special operations forces from 1,200 to 700 over the next three years.

But U.S. military officials said earlier this week that no decision had been made.

“There has been no direction at this time to adjust force size in AFRICOM [U.S. Africa Command],” said Pentagon spokeswoman Maj. Sheryll Klinkel.

Still, the U.S. has made several changes to way its forces have been operating in Africa, the result of an investigation into an October 2017 ambush of U.S. special operations forces in Niger that left four Americans and four Nigeriens dead.

The report found that not only was the Niger mission plagued by problems up and down the chain of command but that the U.S. and Nigerien forces were also done in by an unexpected and unprecedented show of force by militants aligned with the Islamic State terror group.

Military official said, as a result, they ordered U.S. forces in Africa to try to avoid any missions likely to involve direct combat.

And at least in Niger, U.S. Africa Command’s Gen. Thomas Waldhauser said commanders had been ordered to be “far more prudent” about the missions that were approved.

That prudence included steps to make sure that U.S. forces in Niger had access to more armored vehicles, additional firepower and more drones for surveillance and reconnaissance.

Officials with U.S. Africa Command said none of those were an issue with the mission in Somalia.

“This mission had the appropriate amount of resources dedicated to it, including armored vehicles, armed ISR and a partner defense force,” according to Africa Command spokeswoman Lt. Cmdr. Desiree Frame.

U.S. Africa Command also defended the planning that went into the Somalia operation.

“The population in the region had historically supported the government,” Africa Command said in a statement. “The Somali forces had prepared for this mission by coordinating heavily with and securing the support of local authorities ahead of time.”