Dr Philip Eles received a PhD in physics from the University of British Columbia in 2005. He is currently a defence scientist with Defence Research and Development Canada's Center for Operational Research and Analysis. He leads a team embedded within the Canadian Expeditionary Forces Command. Since 2006, his work has focused on opinion polling, violence metrics analysis, and the evolution of the IED threat, in support of the Canadian mission in Afghanistan. In 2010, he was seconded to the AFG PAK Center at USCENTCOM.