Nicholas A. Glavin is a Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy candidate from The Fletcher School at Tufts University. He previously worked as a researcher at the U.S. Naval War College’s Center on Irregular Warfare and Armed Groups (CIWAG). This report is an adaptation of Nicholas’ Fletcher capstone project which investigates why local VEOs pledge allegiance to ISIS and forecasts their trajectories following the collapse of ISIS’ physical caliphate. The views expressed in this report are the author’s own and do not reflect those of the U.S. Government. Follow him on Twitter @nickglavin.