Luis Jorge Garay-Salamanca


Luis Jorge Garay-Salamanca is Academic Director at the Scientific Vortex Foundation, He is an idustrial engineer and Magister in Economics at the Universidad de los Andes (Bogotá, Colombia), and Ph.D. in Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has been a Visiting Scholar at the universities of Oxford and Cambridge and teacher at the universities De los Andes and Nacional de Colombia.  He has authored more than 40 books and published numerous essays in specialized journals on  international migration and remittances, international trade and economic integration, foreign debt management, industrial development and international competitiveness, globalization, corruption and capture of State, and social exclusion.

Mexican criminal networks are far more decentralized and thus more resiliant than the Colombian cartels of the 1980s.

A look at the gray agents - the public servants, political actors, or security agents - that promote criminal interests.