Bruce J. Reider

Bruce J. Reider is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Joint, Interagency and Multinational Operations at the United States Army Command and General Staff College.  He retired from the United States Army in 2009 after 28 years of active service culminating as the Director of the Center for Army Leadership.  He is a graduate of the School of Advanced Military Studies and the Advanced Operational Art Studies Fellowship.  He earned a M.S. in International Relations from Troy State University.  He is currently working on a Ph.D. in Security Studies at Kansas State University.

This essay argues that external support to the insurgents is usually a decisive factor in determining the outcome of an insurgency.